You are here: Government > County Clerk - 45th Circuit Court Division > Personal Protection Order (PPO)
Contact Information:
  • OFFICE LOCATION:
  • County Clerk's Office - 45th Circuit Court Division
  • 125 W. Main St.
  • Centreville MI, 49032
  • Historic Courthouse - Second Floor
  • Phone: (269) 467-5531
  • Fax: (269) 467-5558

Personal Protection Order (PPO)

The purpose of a PPO is to offer a measure of protection to one person who is experiencing a pattern of physical, verbal, or emotional abuse, or threats of two or more incidents of stalking from another person.

Sometimes people are improperly advised to ask for a personal protection order to try to solve a problem that they are having with another person.

PPO Determination

Please review the following to determine if a PPO is the best action for you.

Are you seeking help with:

  • A neighborhood argument
  • A personal property issue
  • A dispute between landlord and tenant
  • Small claims case
  • Support issues
  • Visitation concerns
  • Concerns about the behavior of your minor child

If you answered "yes" to any of the above, you probably are in need of another action other than a Personal Protection Order. Mediation may be one course to consider.

Personal Protection Orders - General Civil

Personal Protection Orders are usually filed Pro Per (no attorney). A Personal Protection Order is an order signed by a Circuit Court Judge that forbids or requires a person to do something. The person obtaining the PPO is the Petitioner and the person against whom the PPO is filed is the Respondent.

A PPO may order the Respondent not to:

  • Enter your property
  • Assault, attack, beat or wound you
  • Threaten to kill or physically harm you
  • Remove children from you IF you have court-ordered custody
  • Interfere with your place of employment
  • Interfere with your efforts to remove your children or personal property
  • Contact you by telephone
  • Send you mail (including electronic mail)
  • Purchase or possess a firearm

To be eligible to obtain a PPO, you must establish that there is reasonable cause to believe that the Respondent will commit one or more of the above behaviors. PPO’S are always assigned a new case number even if a divorce is filed at the same time. There is no filing fee for filing of the petition.

The Family Court Coordinator or the Domestic Assault Advocate will assist people in completing the papers if they are available. The Clerk will provide packets or assist if necessary.

When a PPO case is filed the Clerk copies the papers and takes the file to the Judge. The Judge either grants the order, denies it or sets a hearing. The Clerk runs copies of the order or notice of hearing. The petitioner must make arrangements to have respondent served with the papers. The Clerk serves the Sheriff's Department with a copy of the PPO after it is signed and re-serves the Sheriff's Department after the filing of a proof of service showing that the respondent has been served with a copy of the PPO.

The penalty for violating a PPO is:

  • Maximum 93 days in jail and or
  • Maximum $500.00 fine

Types of Personal Protection Orders

Domestic

To qualify for a Domestic Relationship PPO, you must establish one of the following relationships with the respondent:

  • Current or former spouse
  • Current or former dating relationship
  • Reside or resided in the same household
  • A child in common

Non-Domestic

To qualify for a Non-Domestic PPO, you are not required to show a relationship with the Respondent. Instead, you must establish that the Respondent has shown:

  • A pattern of behavior
  • ...including at least two separate stalking incidents
  • ...that would cause a reasonable person to feel terrorized, threatened, frightened, intimidated, harassed, or molested
  • ...and that the incidents actually did cause the Petitioner to feel terrorized, threatened, frightened, intimidated, harassed, or molested.

If you do not meet these requirements, you still may be eligible for a Peace Bond, which is available at the District Court Clerk's Office. Peace Bonds are often used for neighbor and non-violent family disputes not covered by the PPO law.